Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2014, Page: 73-86
Improving the Secondary School Curriculum to Nurture Entrepreneurial Competences among Students in Uganda
Peter Lugemwa, Faculty of Business Administration and Management, Uganda Martyrs University, Uganda
Received: Jan. 2, 2014;       Accepted: Aug. 20, 2014;       Published: Aug. 30, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20140204.13      View  3628      Downloads  242
Abstract
There is need to design a secondary school curriculum that will contribute to the alleviation of the unemployment problem among the youth. Such a curriculum should inculcate entrepreneurial competences in addition to other employment competences. The country’s development strategy emphasizes the development of relevant competences of its people to enable them exploit and use the available resources gainfully and sustainably promote competitiveness, independence and self sustenance. Having the appropriate entrepreneurial competences would be critical in the exploitation of the resources that Uganda has and create new employment opportunities. The chronic unemployment problem in Uganda raises questions as to how well the education system prepares people for entrepreneurship as a career. In this article literature is reviewed to come up with suggestions of how to develop a curriculum that would enhance people’s entrepreneurial competences through the development of technical and industrial skills, general entrepreneurial skills and entrepreneurial personality characteristics.
Keywords
Curriculum, Nurture, Entrepreneurial Competences
To cite this article
Peter Lugemwa, Improving the Secondary School Curriculum to Nurture Entrepreneurial Competences among Students in Uganda, International Journal of Secondary Education. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 73-86. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20140204.13
Reference
[1]
Alberti F., Sciascia S. and Poli A. (2004), Entrepreneurship Education: Notes on an Ongoing Debate, 14th Annual IntEnt Conference IntEnt2004 University of Napoli Federico II (Italy), 4-7 July 2004
[2]
Aruwa, S.A.S. (2006), The Business Entrepreneur: Entrepreneurial Development, Small and Medium Enterprises (2nd Ed.). Entrepreneurship Academy Publishing, Kaduna. 17 Chapters, 351 pages (ISBN: 978-38497-3-5).
[3]
Balogh, Thomas (1969) Education and Agrarian Progress in Developing Countries, In: Hufne, K. and Naumann, J. (eds.) Economics of Education in Transition. Stuttgart: Ernst Klett, pp. 259-68.
[4]
Baron, R. A., & Markman, G. D. (2000). Beyond social capital: the role of social competence in entrepreneurs’ success. Academy of Management Executive, 14(1), 106–116.
[5]
Begley, T.M. And Boyd, D.P. 1987, Psychological characteristics associated with performance in entrepreneurial firms and smaller businesses. Journal of Business Venturing 2:79–93.
[6]
Born, M. And Altink M. (1996), The importance of behavioural and situational characteristics for entrepreneurial success: an international rating study, International Journal of Selection and Assessment4 (2), 71-77.
[7]
Bowler, A. (1995), Entrepreneurship: An Introduction, Nasou, Cape Town.
[8]
Brockhaus, R. (1994). Entrepreneurship Education and Research Outside North America. In Hoy, F., Monroy, T. G., Reichert, J. (eds.), The Art and Science of Entrepreneurship Education. The Project for Excellence in Entrepreneurship Education.
[9]
Brockhaus, R.H. (1987). ”Entrepreneurial Folklore”. Journal of Small Business Management, 25 (3), 1–6.
[10]
Brockhaus, R.H. 1982. The psychology of the entrepreneur. In C.A. Kent, D.L. Sexton, and K.H. Vesper, eds., Encyclopedia of entrepreneurship. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
[11]
Brown, R. B. 1993. Meta-competence: A recipe for reframing the competence debate. Personnel Review 22 (6): 25–36.
[12]
Bruner, J. (1996). The Culture of Education, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
[13]
Budner, S. (1962). Intolerance for ambiguity as a personal variable. Journal of Personality, 30, 29-50.
[14]
Burch, J.G. (1986), Entrepreneurship, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY
[15]
Businge C. And Kiwawulo C. School dropout rate worrying – experts, the new vision, http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/13/755638
[16]
Chamard, J. (1989). Public Education: Its effect on entrepreneurial characteristics, Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 6(2), 23-30.
[17]
Chandler, G.N. And Jansen, E. 1992. The founder’s self-assessed competence and venture performance. Journal of Business Venturing. 7(3), 223-236.
[18]
Chandler, G.N. and Jansen, E. 1992. The founder’s self-assessed competence and venture performance. Journal of Business Venturing. 7(3), 223-236.
[19]
Coles, C., 2003, ‘The development of a curriculum for spinal surgeons’, Observations following the Second Spine Course of the Spinal Society of EuropeBarcelona 16th – 19th September 2003, http://www.eurospine.org/Teachers%20Course/C_Coles_report_03.html, not available at this address 28 February 2011.
[20]
Debbage, K. and P. Daniels (1998), ‘The tourist industry and economic geography: missed opportunities’, in D. Ioannides and K. Debbage (eds), The Economic Geography of the Tourist Industry,London: Routledge, pp. 17–30.
[21]
Dohmen, G. (1999). The Future of Continuing Education in Europe, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Bonn, Germany.
[22]
Drucker, P. F. (1985). The Changing World of the Executive. New York: Times Books.
[23]
Drucker, P. F. (1994) "The Age of Social Transformation," The Atlantic Monthly (November), pp. 53-80.
[24]
Ebitu, E.T. (2005). Marketing function. In S. N. Udo (ed). Entrepreneurial development: principles and practice Calabar, Wusen Press.
[25]
European Commission (2008). “Lifelong Learning Policy; Strategic framework for education and training”.
[26]
European Commission (2008). “Lifelong Learning Policy; Strategic framework for education and training”.
[27]
Fischer, G. (1997) "Evolution of Complex Systems by Supporting Collaborating Communities of Practice." In International Conference on Computers in Education, Kuching, Malaysia, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), pp. 9-17.
[28]
Frese M., Garst H. and Fay D. Personal Initiative, Journal of Applied Psychology, http://www.apa.org/journals/apl/
[29]
Gibb, A.A. (2007) ‘ Creating the entrepreneurial university: do we need a different model of entrepreneurship’ Chapter 4 in Fayolle, A. edt, ‘Handbook of research in Entrepreneurship Education’ Volume 1 pp 67-104 Edward Elgar
[30]
Gibb, A.A. And J. Cotton, 1998, Entrepreneurship in schools and college education – creating the leading edge, Background paper to the conference to be held at the Department of Trade and Industry Conference Centre, December 8th 1998.
[31]
Government of Uganda (2009) National Development Plan 2010/11-2014/15., http://opm.go.ug/assets/media/resources/30/National%20Development%20Plan%202010:11%20-%202014:15.pdf
[32]
Grubb, W.N. (1985) The Convergence of Educational System and the Role of Vocationalism. Comparative Education Review 29 (4): 526-548.
[33]
Harris, J. R. (1998). The nurture assumption: Why children turn out the way they do. New York: The Free Press. Pp. 462. ISBN: 0-684-84409-5
[34]
Hisrich, R.D., & Peters, M.P. [2002].Entrepreneurship (5thed.). International Edition, New York: McGraw-Hill.
[35]
Ilesanmi, O.A. (2000). Entrepreneurial development. (1st Ed). Ilorin, Nigeria: Kola Success Publications
[36]
Illich, I. (1971) Deschooling Society, Harper and Row, New York.
[37]
Inyang, B.J. (2004). Management theory: principles and practice. (2nd Ed). Calabar, Nigeria: Merb Publishers.
[38]
Ivan Ashaba I. M & Katusiimeh M. W. (2013) A Critical Assessment of the Strategies to Curb Youth Unemployment in Uganda http://mubs.ac.ug/alc/docs/1.pdf
[39]
Jhingan (1985), The economics of development and planning. New Delhi: Vikas publishing house limited
[40]
Jones C And English J 2004, A contemporary approach to entrepreneurship education, Emerald Group Publishing Limited • Volume 46 •pp. 416-423 ISSN 0040-0912
[41]
Jong de, J., and S. Wennekers. 2008. Intrapreneurship: Conceptualizing entrepreneurial employee behaviour. Zoetermee: SCALES.
[42]
Kefela G (2011),Implications of financial literacy in developing countries, African Journal of Business Management Vol.5 (9), pp. 3699-3705, ISSN 1993-8233
[43]
Kourilsky, M.L. And Carlson, S.R. (1997), "Entrepreneurship education for youth: a curricular perspective" in Sexton, D.L. and Smilor, D.L. (Eds), Entrepreneurship 2000, Upstart Publishing, Chicago, IL
[44]
Kourilsky, M.L., & Walstad W. B. (1998). Entrepreneurship and female youth: Knowledge, attitudes, gender differences, and educational practices. Journal of Business Venturing, 13(1), 77-88.
[45]
Kourilsky, M.L., 1980, Predictors of entrepreneurship in a simulated economy, Journal of Creative Behavior 14 (3), 175-198. In Van der Kuip I and Verheul I (2003), Early Development of Entrepreneurial Qualities: the Role of Initial Education, SCALES-paper series, N200311
[46]
Kourilsky, M.L., 1990, Entrepreneurial thinking and behavior: what role the classroom? In: C.A. Kent (ed.), Entrepreneurship Education: Current Developments, Future Directions, New York: Quorum Books, 137-153. In Van der Kuip I and Verheul I (2003), Early Development of Entrepreneurial Qualities: the Role of Initial Education, SCALES-paper series, N200311
[47]
Laker-Ojok R., Market Scan - Agribusiness in Uganda, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to Uganda, http://uganda.nlembassy.org/binaries/content/assets/postenweb/u/uganda/embassy-of-the-kingdom-of-the-netherlands-in-kampala/import/development-cooperation/market-scan-agribusiness-in-ugandafinal.pdf
[48]
Lans, T. W., H., Hulsink, H., Baert, and M. Mulder. 2008. Entrepreneurship education and training in the small business context: Insights from the competence-based approach. Journal of Enterprising Culture 16 (4): 363–83.
[49]
LeBrasseur, R., H. Blanco, and J. Dodge. 2002. Competences of CEOs in technology-oriented SME: An exploratory study of skills for survival & initial growth. Halifax: Laurentian University.
[50]
Lodewijks, J., 1995, Learning in and around school: on the road to strong learning environments). In Van der Kuip I and Verheul I (2003), Early Development of Entrepreneurial Qualities: the Role of Initial Education, SCALES-paper series, N200311
[51]
Man, T.W.Y., Theresa Lau. and K.F. Chan. 2002. The competitiveness of small and medium enterprises a conceptualization with focus on entrepreneurial competencies, Journal of Business Venturing, 17, 123–142.
[52]
Man, Thomas W.Y., Theresa L. and K.F. Chan. 2002. The competitiveness of small and medium enterprises a conceptualization with focus on entrepreneurial competencies, Journal of Business Venturing, 17, 123–142.
[53]
Mbat, D.O. (2001). Financial management. Uyo: Domes Associates
[54]
McClelland, D.C. (1961). The Achieving Society. Princeston: N.Y. Van Nostrand.
[55]
McClelland, D.C. (1965). Need achievement and entrepreneurship: A longitudinal study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1, 389-392.
[56]
Meredith, G.G., Nelson, R.E., Neck, P.A. (1982), The Practice of Entrepreneurship, Geneva: International Labour Office.
[57]
Ministry of Gender Labour and Social Development (2011), A The National Employment Policy For Uganda - Increasing Decent Employment Opportunities and Labour Productivity for Socio - Economic Transformation (http://www.mglsd.go.ug/wpcontent/uploads/2011/04/Employment%20policy1blank.pdf)
[58]
Ministry Of Gender, Labour and Social Development (2006), Labour Market Information Status Report For Uganda, LMIS Project
[59]
model of risky decision-making behaviour, www.dssincorporated.com (Accessed: 15.2.2005)
[60]
Norton, R.W. (1975). Measurement of ambiguity for tolerance. Journal of Personality Assessment, 39,607-619.
[61]
Nwachukwu, C.C. (2005). The practice of entrepreneurship in Nigeria. Onitsha: Africana-First Publishers Limited.
[62]
Ojong, C.M. (2005). Starting a new business. In S.N. Udo Entrepreneurial development: principles and practice, Calabar: Wusen Press.
[63]
Organization for Child Support (OCS) (2004), http://www.kabissa.org/civiorg/368
[64]
Owino P. (2013). Why we should embrace agribusiness in promoting youth entrepreneurship Daily Monitor, http://www.monitor.co.ug/OpEd/Commentary/Why-we-should-embrace-agribusiness/-/689364/1665248/-/9fu3u7z/-/index.html
[65]
Panzano. P. C. And R. S. Billings (2005). An organizational level test of a partially mediated model of risky decision-making behavior, in Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings. Edited by Dosier LN, Keys B. Statesboro, Ga, Georgia Southern University,
[66]
Panzano. P.C., Billings, R.S. 2005. An organizational level test of a partialy mediated
[67]
Richey, R. 2000, the legacy of Robert M. Gagne, In The legacy of Robert M. Gagne, 295–336. Syracuse, NY: E R I C Clearinghouse on Information and Technology.
[68]
Rotter, J.B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, Whole No. 609, 80, 1.
[69]
Saunders, M. (2006), From ‘organisms’ to ‘boundaries’: the uneven development of theory narratives in education, learning and work connections, Journal Of Education & Work, 19(1), 1-27.
[70]
Scardamalia, M. & Bereiter, C. (1994) "Computer Support for Knowledge-Building Communities," The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 3(3), pp. 265-283.
[71]
Semwogerere P. (2010) Towards Meeting the Challenges in the Delivery of Quality Education and Sports; A Paper on Skills Development Presented During the Education Sector Review 2010/11, Ministry Of Education and Sports
[72]
Semwogerere P. (2010) Towards Meeting the Challenges in the Delivery of Quality Education and Sports; A Paper on Skills Development Presented During the Education Sector Review 2010/11, Ministry Of Education and Sports
[73]
Sony, H. P. and Iman, S. (2005. Relationship between entrepreneurial learning, entrepreneurial competencies and venture success: empirical study on SMEs. Int. J. Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management. 5(5/6), 454-468.
[74]
Ssekamwa, J. C. (2000), History and development of education in Uganda. Kampala: Fountain Publishers.
[75]
Ssepijja D. (2011), Financial literacy gaps killing small businesses, In2EastAfrica Reporter (http://in2eastafrica.net/uganda-financial-literacy-gaps-killing-small-businesses)
[76]
Ssepijja D. (2011), Financial literacy gaps killing small businesses, In2EastAfrica Reporter (http://in2eastafrica.net/uganda-financial-literacy-gaps-killing-small-businesses)
[77]
Steier, L. (2000). Entrepreneurship and the evolution of angel financial networks. Organization Studies, 21(1),163–192.
[78]
Tiberondwa, A. K. (1998), Missionary teachers as agent of colonialism: A study of their activities in Uganda, 1877-1925, 2nd edition, Fountain Publishers (Kampala) 100-473-213
[79]
Tukacungurwa C M, Ssebbale S, Basiime N. K. (2012), The Quality of Science Education In Uganda Uganda National Council for Science and Technology
[80]
Uganda Investment Authority (2011), Education Sector Profile, http://www.ugandainvest.go.ug/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&layout=item&id=335&Itemid=197
[81]
UNESCO (2012), Youth and skills – putting education at work, EFA global monitoring report UNESC0 publishing
[82]
Van Der Kuip and Verheul (2003), Early Development of Entrepreneurial Qualities: the Role of Initial Education, SCALES-paper series, N200311
[83]
Venkataraman, S. 1997. The distinctive domain of entrepreneurship research: An editor's perspective. In J. Katz & R. Brockhaus (Eds.), Advances in entrepreneurship, firm emergence, and growth, vol. 3:119-138. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
[84]
Wojtczak, A., 2002, Glossary of Medical Education Terms, http://www.iime.org/glossary.htm, December, 2000, Revised February 2002, accessed 20 September 2012.
[85]
World Bank (2009), Africa Development Indicators 2008/09 - Youth and Employment in Africa: The Potential, the Problem, the Promise; http://publications.worldbank.org/ADI
[86]
World Bank (2009), Africa Development Indicators 2008/09 - Youth and Employment in Africa: The Potential, the Problem, the Promise; http://publications.worldbank.org/ADI
[87]
Zinger I. W. and Andrews D. A. (2001), the psychological effects of 50 days in administrative segregation, canada journal of criminology, 43, 47 -48
Browse journals by subject