Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2016, Page: 39-43
Effect of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) on Senior Secondary Students’ Achievement in Chemical Reaction and Equilibrium in Egbeda Local Government Area of Oyo State
Busari Opeyemi Olanrewaju, Department of Science Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Ernest Seigha Better, Department of Science Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Ugwuanyi Priscilla Ngozi, Department of Science Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Received: Aug. 27, 2016;       Accepted: Nov. 10, 2016;       Published: Dec. 12, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20160404.11      View  3707      Downloads  132
Abstract
This study is an examination of the effect of the Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) on senior secondary school students’ achievement in chemical reaction and equilibrium. The study employs a pre-test, post-test non-randomized control group design. The sample size of the study comprises of 24 males and 31 female students (N =55). Simple random sampling was used to assign intact classes to experimental and control groups, while purposive sampling was used to select 3 public senior secondary schools in Egbeda, LGA of Oyo State used for the study. The instrument used for the study is the Chemical Reaction and Equilibrium Achievement Test (CREAT). The students’ scores from CREAT were collected and analysed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions and ANCOVA was used to analyse data for testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result shows that there is a significant difference between the mean achievement of students taught chemical reaction and equilibrium using CAI and those taught same using conventional teaching strategy (Ϸ=0.003 < 0.05). Conversely, there is no significant difference in mean achievement between male and female students taught chemical reaction and equilibrium using CAI strategy (Ϸ =0.316 > 0.05). Based on the findings, the study recommends that, government should increase funding for the entire educational sector in order to procure reasonable number of computers and its software like CAI and develop policy that will see to the judicious use of this items for senior secondary school to enhance teaching and learning with CAI strategy to aid achievement in chemistry.
Keywords
CAI {Computer Assisted Instruction}, Chemistry Achievement, Chemical Reaction and Equilibrium, Gender
To cite this article
Busari Opeyemi Olanrewaju, Ernest Seigha Better, Ugwuanyi Priscilla Ngozi, Effect of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) on Senior Secondary Students’ Achievement in Chemical Reaction and Equilibrium in Egbeda Local Government Area of Oyo State, International Journal of Secondary Education. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 39-43. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20160404.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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