Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 54-58
Assessment for Artisanal Gold Mining Impacts on Vegetation Ecology at Shire Districts
Mehari Girmay, Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Jun. 28, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 11, 2018;       Published: Dec. 28, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20180604.11      View  177      Downloads  35
Abstract
Ethiopia is one of the countries that are making efforts to formalize the ASM (artisanal gold mining) sector by licensing individual miners, providing technical support for capacity building, and setting up basic infrastructure and facilitating formalized marketing of gold. The study area was in hectare where most the active mining and ecological land use and land cover were revealed. Because of this mining indigenous plants are degraded. Along the mining adjacent (rescued near to mining site), there was many indicator plants as the area is rich in various plant species. The present study was investigate on the spot that ecological impacts such deforestation, siltation, formation of trench and pits, top soil removal, water pollution and veldt fires were more significant. The government should enforcers the laws and regulations and promoter of mining development side by side putting ecological impacts mitigation measurements with stakeholders. Governments should enhance paying attention in supporting to financial resources and more incentives for conservation damaged ecosystems and create awareness and enforcing rules to create a healthy, sustainable and productive environment.
Keywords
Mining, Land Cover, Deforestation, Ecosystem
To cite this article
Mehari Girmay, Assessment for Artisanal Gold Mining Impacts on Vegetation Ecology at Shire Districts, International Journal of Secondary Education. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 54-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20180604.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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