Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 17-28
Effects of Performance Ranking in Mathematics on Students’ and Teachers’ Identity Development
Samson Murithi Njiru, Department of Mathematics, Kitui Teachers College, Kitui, Kenya
Milcah Njoki Nyaga, Department of Education, University of Embu, Embu, Kenya
Simon Karuku, Department of Education, University of Embu, Embu, Kenya
Received: Feb. 4, 2019;       Accepted: Mar. 21, 2019;       Published: Apr. 29, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20190701.14      View  171      Downloads  37
Abstract
Student and teacher identities are generally considered to influence students’ academic performance in Mathematics. The objective of the study reported in this paper was to investigate the effects of performance ranking in Mathematics on students’ and teachers’ identity development. The participants for the study were Mathematics teachers and students in secondary schools in Embu County in Kenya. A random sample of 1989 students and 101 teachers drawn from a population of 41925 students and 414 teachers participated in the study. The study adopted a mixed methods research design. Data were collected through one-on-one semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and surveys. Chi-square test was used to test the hypothesis; performance ranking does not mediate Mathematics students’ and teachers’ identity development. The findings indicate that, performance ranking is a tool used by teachers and students in giving them feedback on their level of capabilities as Mathematics teachers and students. Secondly, performance ranking influence Mathematics teachers in furthering their studies in Mathematics-related courses, and students in aligning themselves to their preferred careers. Additionally, the study revealed that performance ranking is a motivation for students to work hard so as to have good relationships with their teachers as teachers are friendly to the students at the top of the rank. Similarly, the students identify themselves with peers of their abilities as far as Mathematics is concerned. The study recommends that the practice of performance ranking in Mathematics should continue and be used as a tool to identify the best Mathematics classes, students and teachers so as to act as a benchmark to encourage the rest to learn from.
Keywords
Performance, Mathematics, Ranking, Identity, Teaching, Learning
To cite this article
Samson Murithi Njiru, Milcah Njoki Nyaga, Simon Karuku, Effects of Performance Ranking in Mathematics on Students’ and Teachers’ Identity Development, International Journal of Secondary Education. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 17-28. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20190701.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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