Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 53-68
Strategic Planning: A Remedy for the Successful Management of Nigeria Secondary School System
Sokpuwu Ikubor Austin, Department of Educational Management, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Received: Jan. 13, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 3, 2020;       Published: Jun. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20200802.15      View  96      Downloads  27
Abstract
This paper examined the need for strategic planning as a remedy for successful management of secondary school systems in Nigeria. The research design used was a descriptive review, which reveals the strong connection between strategic planning and successful management of the secondary school system in Nigeria. The Nigerian secondary school system has encountered quite a number of challenges Inadequate infrastructure, instructional materials and Facilities School, Inadequate motivation/Staff Low Morale Teachers, Poor education board and Ministry Monitoring/Supervision of Schools, Poor Funding, Unqualified and inadequate teachers, Poor Application of ICT Computer learning and Non-involvement of stakeholders/Teachers in key Decision-making and Planning amongst others. This paper looks at the meaning and context of strategic planning its process, approaches, elements and use in education. SWOT analysis approach was examined with model sample. The paper concludes that despite the several issues plaguing the Nigerian secondary school system, with the proper adoption and implementation of strategic planning and management, the expectations of the national policy on education on secondary school can still be achieved for the benefit of both the school and nation.
Keywords
Strategic Planning, Secondary School, Strategic Management, SWOT Analysis
To cite this article
Sokpuwu Ikubor Austin, Strategic Planning: A Remedy for the Successful Management of Nigeria Secondary School System, International Journal of Secondary Education. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 53-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsedu.20200802.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Adeolu A. J. (2018), Principals’ Strategic Management and Students’ Learning Outcome in Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. In: Education Quarterly Reviews, 1 (1), 28-46. ISSN 2621-5799 DOI: 10.31014/aior.1993.01.01.5. The online version of this article can be found at: https://www.asianinstituteofresearch.org/
[2]
Ajayi S. A. (2011). The Contemporary Challenges of Education in Nigeria. A Lead paper Presented at the 7th Annual National Conference of the Association for Encouraging Qualitative Education in Nigeria (ASSEQEN), Held at the Federal College of Education (FCE), Abeokuta, 10th-14th May
[3]
Ajobiewe, J. A. (2008 April 21st – 25th). Motivating the Nigerian Secondary School Personnel for Quality Secondary Education. Paper presented at the 51st Annual national Congress of ANCOPSS in Ekiti.
[4]
Alexa, A (2011). Five Steps to Strategic Planning. https://www.forbes.com/sites/aileron/2011/10/25/five-steps-to-a-strategic-plan/Accessed and Retrieved June 4, 2019
[5]
Allison, M., & Kaye, J. (2005). Strategic planning for nonprofit organizations (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley.
[6]
Anambra State of Nigeria, (2010). Strategic Education Sector Strategic Plan (SESP): 2011-2020 Awka: Anambra State Government & UNICEF
[7]
Ansoff, H. I. & McDonnell, E. J. (1990). Implanting Strategic Management. (2nd Ed), New York: Prentice Hall.
[8]
Bell, L. (2002). Strategic planning and school management: Full of sound and fury, signifying nothing. Journal of Educational Administration, 40 (5), 407-424.
[9]
Bryson, J. M. (2011). Strategic planning for public and non-profit organizations: A guide to strengthening and sustaining organizational achievement (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
[10]
Carpenter, S. D. M. (2006). Military leadership in the British civil wars, 1642-1651: the genius of this age. London: Routledge.
[11]
Chaffee, E. (1990)"Three models of strategy", Academy of Management Review, 10 (1), 89-98
[12]
Chance, S., & Williams, B. T. (2015). Assessing university strategic plans: a tool for consideration. Educational Planning, 18 (1), 38-54.
[13]
Chang, G. C. (2008). Strategic planning in Education: Some concepts and methods. Paris: UNESCO.
[14]
Cook W. J. (2006) Strategic planning in American Schools. (2nd Ed.) Arlington Cambridge group.
[15]
Chukwumah, F. O (2015) Developing Quality Strategic Plan In Secondary Schools For Successful School Improvement. Journal of Education and Practice www.iiste.org ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online) 6 (21).
[16]
David, F. (2005). The nature of strategic management: Strategic management, concepts and cases. Pearson Education, Inc.
[17]
Davis, B. & Ellison, L. (1998). Strategic planning in schools: an oxymoron? School Leadership and Management, 18 (4), 461-473. Retrieved March 3, 2009 from http://web.ebscohost.com.proxy2.lib.umanitoba.ca/ehost/pdf
[18]
Duke. D. L. (1999). Envisioning the good organization: Steps toward a philosophy of organization. In P. Begley (Ed.), Values and educational leadership (pp. 9-24). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
[19]
Education for All-EFA (2015) National Review: NIGERIA EFA REVIEW REPORT 2000-2014 Strides and Milestones, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja Publisher.UNESCO
[20]
Federal Republic of Nigeria. (2013). National Policy on Education. NERDC Press. Abuja
[21]
Federal Ministry of Education (2005). Nigeria Education Sector Diagnosis: A Condensed Version: A Framework for Re- engineering the Education Sector. Retrieved online on September 6th, 2012 from http://www.fme.org
[22]
Finlay, P., (2000). Strategy Management. An Introduction to Business and Corporate Strategy. London: Pearson Education Limited
[23]
Fehnel, R. (2000). Strategic Planning and the Nigerian University System innovation Project. Report to World Bank on Nigerian University System Innovation Project (NUSIP) September 2000.
[24]
Fogg, D. C., (1994) Team-Based Strategic Planning AMACOM
[25]
Goodstein L, Nolan T, Pfeiffer J. W. (1993). Applied Strategic Planning. A Comprehensive Guide. McGraw Hill
[26]
Hénard, F. (2012). Fostering quality teaching in higher education: policies and practices. Paris: OECD
[27]
Hill, C. L. and Jones, G. R. (2013). Strategic Management: An Integrated Approach (10 ed.). Mason, Ohio: Cengage Learning. p. 21. ISBN 9781111825843. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
[28]
Hinton, K. E. (2012). A practical guide to strategic planning in higher education. Houston: Society for College and University Planning.
[29]
Hu, J., Liu, H., Chen, Y., & Qin, J. (2017). Strategic planning and the stratification of Chinese higher education institutions. International Journal of Educational Development. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.03.003
[30]
ICMBA (2004). SWOT Analysis. Journal of Internet Center for Management and Business Administration. Retrieved May 20, 2016 from http://www.netmba.com/strategy/swot/
[31]
Ikediugwu NP, Chukwumah FO, 2015. Strategic Plan Implementation and Monitoring in Secondary Schools in Anambra State. Greener Journal of Educational Research, 5 (2): 017-026, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJER.2015.2.012315011.
[32]
Jourshari, A. N. (2015). Role of Strategic Management in the Development of Port of Anzali. Journal of Social Issues & Humanities, 3 (9), 216-222.
[33]
Lawrence l., (2001). Reducing Barriers to Expansion of Schools by Focusing on School Development Plans. Newyork: Emmmerald group publishers.
[34]
Marmar M, (2001) Total Quality Management in Education. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE July 2002 ISSN 1302-6488, 3 (3)
[35]
Mason, R. B. (2007). The external environment’s effect on management and strategy: A complexity theory approach. Management Decision, 45 (1), 10-28. DOI 10.1108/00251740710718935.
[36]
McCune, S. D. (1986). Guide to strategic planning for educators. Alexandria: VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
[37]
McNamara, C. (2016). All about strategic planning. Retrieved May 31, 2016 from http://managementhelp.org/strategicplanning/#anchor1234.
[38]
Mittenthal, R. A. (2002). Ten Keys to Successful Strategic Planning for Nonprofit and Foundation Leaders. Effective Philanthropy: The Importance of Focus. TCC Group, Available at http://www.tccgrp.com and accessed 28/5/2019
[39]
Nte, A. R. (2007). Introduction to Educational Planning. Port-Harcourt: River State University of Education Press.
[40]
Okenwa, G. N. (2013). Extent of community participation in the administration of public secondary schools in Enugu State. Unpublished doctoral thesis. Department of educational foundation, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu.
[41]
Okwako A. D., (2013) Strategic planning and performance of secondary public secondary school in Nairobi county, Published Research project, University of Nairobi
[42]
Olaniyonu, S. O. A., Adekoya, S. O. A., & Gbenu, J. P. (2008). Fundamentals of educational planning (Revised and Enlarged). Lagos: Micodex.
[43]
Ololube, N. P. (2006a). Teachers Job Satisfaction and Motivation for School Effectiveness: An Assessment, Essays in Education, 18, 1-19.
[44]
Ololube, N. P. (2009a). Understanding teachers professional competencies for education effectiveness. Owerri, Nigeria: Springfield Publishers.
[45]
Ololube, N. P. (2013). The problems and approaches to educational planning in Nigeria: a theoretical observation. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4 (12), 37-48. DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n12p37.
[46]
Ololube, N. P., & Kpolovie, P. J. (2013). Literature and focus group analysis of the approaches and obstacle to effective educational planning in higher education in an emerging economy. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, 6 (3), 233-254.
[47]
Ololube, N. P., Agbor, C. N., & Kpolovie, P. J. (2016). Effective communication process: the Responsibility of university management for enhanced organizational justice. In N. P. Ololube (Ed.), Handbook of research on organizational justice and culture in higher education institutions (pp. 34-56). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9850-.ch002
[48]
Puamau, P. (2006) Principles and processes of educational planning in the Pacific. Journal of Educational Studies, Volume 28 (1 & 2) 2006
[49]
Rouda, H. R. and Kusy. M. E. (1995). Needs Assessment: The First Step. Retrieved on 15th
[50]
Rauch, P. (2007). SWOT analyses and SWOT strategy formulation for forest owner in Austria. Eur J Forest Res, 126, 413-420
[51]
Titilayo, H. (2002). Secondary Education in Nigeria: A Boat on a Stormy Sea. Keynote Address delivered to the 45th Annual National Congress of All Nigeria Conference of Principals of Secondary Schools, (ANCOPSS). Abeokuta: ANCOPSS.
[52]
Wagner, R. J (2006) Conversation on planning: Investigating the relationship between strategies, actions and performance. Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota
[53]
Wilkinson, M. (2011). Why You Need a Plan: 5 Good Reasons. Accessed 20/6/2015 from Free Management Library http://managementhelp.org/blogs/strategic-planning
[54]
Young, D. (2009) Strategic Planning in Education in Manitoba. A paper prepared for POLS7370 Theory and Practice of Public Administration, University of Manitoba http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/versions?doi=10.1.1.602.5315 Accessed and Retrieved on 5/6/2019
[55]
Peterson, D. (1989). Strategic Planning. (ERIC Document Reproduction No. ED 312774)
[56]
NDEGWAH, D M (2014) Factors Affecting the Implementation of Strategic Plans in Public Secondary Schools in Nyeri County, Kenya. International Review of Management and Business Research Vol. 3 Issue. 2
[57]
https://www.envisio.com/blog/topic/strategic-planning retrieved may 21 2019
[58]
http://educatenigeria.info/5-most-severe-challenges-facing-secondary-school-students/
Browse journals by subject